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How to Upgrade to Version 3 of the SAP Cloud SDK for JavaScript


This document will guide you through the steps necessary to upgrade to version 3 of the SAP Cloud SDK. Depending on your project, some steps might not be applicable. The To-Do list is:

Update Your Project Dependencies

Search for occurrences of @sap-cloud-sdk/[some module] in your package.json files. Replace the version numbers with ^3. Depending on if you're using npm or yarn, run npm install or yarn in the directories of your package.json files to update the package-lock.json or yarn.lock file.

Running your tests or deploying your application might fail at this point in time if you need to adapt to any breaking changes. We recommend updating your applications in one commit or pull request and making sure everything still works using your existing test suite.

Important Dependency Updates

The axios HTTP client has been updated from version 0.27 to 1.2.

Update to Node 18 or Newer

All SAP Cloud SDK for JavaScript libraries now support node 18 (LTS) as the minimum node version. If you are using a node version older than 18, update your runtime environment to a newer version. On Cloud Foundry you can do this by setting the node engine in your package.json. Note, that the transpilation target of the SDK changed from es2019 to es2021.

Replace Removed Functionality

Most of the removed functionality had been deprecated in version 2. The following sub-sections describe affected modules, functions and interfaces with instructions on how to replace them.

Package @sap-cloud-sdk/http-client

  • The executeHttpRequest() function overload, that accepted HttpRequestConfigWithOrigin as a parameter, is removed. Use executeHttpRequestWithOrigin() instead.

Package @sap-cloud-sdk/util

  • The field logger on the interface LoggerOptions was not used and is removed from the interface. There is no replacement.
  • The function variadicArgumentToArray is replaced by the function transformVariadicArgumentToArray.

Package @sap-cloud-sdk/connectivity

  • The generic type parameter JwtKeysT in JwtKeyMapping is now narrowed to extend string.

  • The property url on the Destination interface is now optional. It is only present for HTTP destinations and not for Mail destinations.

  • The IsolationStrategy enum is replaced by a union type of the same name.

    Make changes to your tenant isolation strategy like in this example:

    destinationName: 'DESTINATION',
    useCache: true,
    isolationStrategy: IsolationStrategy.Tenant


    destinationName: 'DESTINATION',
    useCache: true,
    isolationStrategy: 'tenant'

Package @sap-cloud-sdk/generator

The deprecated option generateCSN is removed. If you need a schema notation (CSN) of your service use the cds import command directly.

The options versionInPackageJson and licenseInPackageJson, that allowed setting custom values in generated package.json files are removed. When the packageJson option is enabled, a package.json file with version 1.0.0 and license UNLICENSED is created. Use the include option to add a package.json with custom values.

The following deprecated options were renamed:

  • forceOverwrite becomes overwrite
  • generatePackageJson becomes packageJson
  • writeReadme becomes readme
  • processesJsGeneration becomes transpilationProcesses
  • inputDir becomes input

The new input option now also accepts file paths and glob patterns.

The deprecated generateNpmrc option of the generator is removed. Use the include option to add a .npmrc to the generated code if needed.

The internal options sdkAfterVersionScript, s4HanaCloud and packageVersion of the generator are removed. These were hidden options never meant for external usage and there is no replacement.

The types for paths in the GeneratorOptions are changed from fs.PathLike to string. In case you passed a buffer object please resolve it to a string before passing it to the SAP Cloud SDK.

Package @sap-cloud-sdk/openapi-generator

The deprecated generator options versionInPackageJson, packageVersion and licenseInPackageJson are removed. When the packageJson option is enabled, a package.json file with version 1.0.0 and license UNLICENSED is created. Use the include option to add a package.json with custom values.

The OpenAPI generator now uses the same code as the OData generator to resolve paths. In case you experience problems with the new implementation enable the verbose flag to investigate what the paths resolve to now.

Package @sap-cloud-sdk/odata-common

  • When creating entities with the fromJson() method, the _customFields property is no longer considered. Add custom properties as root level properties in your object instead.

Old example, not working anymore:

"_customFields": {
"myCustomField": "myCustomValue"

New example:

"myCustomField": "myCustomValue"
  • "Content-type" HTTP headers cannot be passed as a string in the constructor of the ODataRequestConfig anymore. Instead, pass an object to the constructor with "content-type" as a key and the header value as a value, e.g. { 'content-type': 'some-value' }.

Switch to Middlewares for Timeouts

The timeout() method was removed from the request builder and the timeout option was removed from the executeHttpRequest() function. If you want to set a timeout for a request, use the new timeout middleware:

import { timeout } from '@sap-cloud-sdk/resilience';

executeHttpRequest(myDestination, {
method: 'get',
middleware: [timeout()]


You find a detailed guide on the general middleware concept and the resilience middlewares in particular on the documentation portal.

Update Transpilation Options in OData Client Generator

By default, the OData generator will only generate TypeScript code. The generateJs option has been replaced with the transpile option. To generate JavaScript code, enable transpilation by using the transpile option.

A new option, tsconfig, can be used to either pass a custom tsconfig.json configuration file or use a default config from the SDK. This flag should be used together with transpile.

Use Service Function instead of API Constructor

You should use the service function to get an instance of your API object:

import { myEntityService } from './outputDir/my-service';

const { myEntityApi } = myEntityService();
return myEntityApi.requestBuilder().getAll().execute(destination);

This way, a getter initializes references to navigation properties of the API. If you call the API constructor directly like the following:

const myEntityApi = new MyEntityApi();

the navigation properties are not correctly initialized, leading to potential errors. The visibility of the constructor is now changed to private to avoid its unintended usage. If you used the constructor directly change your code to use the service function e.g. myEntityService() in the example above.

Adjust Operation Names Starting With _ in Generated OData Clients

Rules for naming OData operations (actions or functions) when generating clients have changed slightly. If an operation begins with an underscore symbol(_), it is removed in the generated client's code.

To adjust the names for unbound operations, search in function-import.ts and action-import.ts files in your generated client's code for operations starting with an _. Similarly, to adjust the names of bound operations of an entity, search in the respective entity's .ts file, e.g., BusinessPartner.ts.

Adjust Conflict Resolution in OData Client Generation

In the past, object names changed to resolve conflicts with protected JavaScript keywords or non-unique names. This has changed and the generation process will now fail with an error message indicating the changed name. You can still generate in such a case by enabling the skipValidation option. The generator will add postfixes like _1 to resolve the conflict if the option is enabled.

Use optionsPerService in OData Client Generator

The serviceMapping option in the OData generator has been renamed to optionsPerService, addtionally its alias -s has been removed. The service-mapping.json file is now named options-per-service.json. The file will no longer be generated into the input directory by default, unlike previous versions.

If the generator should consider options, it is mandatory to set the optionsPerService argument. You can set the value to either:

  • The file path containing the options per service (e.g. options.json). If the file does not exist, it will be created and initialized. If the file exists, missing or partial service options will be added with the default values.
  • The directory from which the file is read/created (e.g. someDir. This will read/create a file named options-per-service.json in someDir)

Also, the properties in the configuration have changed:

  • The option serviceName is removed. A value for the documentation header is derived from the directory name.
  • The npmPackageName is renamed to packageName to align with the OpenApi generator. Note that the default values for the directoryName and packageName have changed.
  • The keys change to the relative paths of the service specifications.

Here is an example how the options change:

//Old Format
"directoryName": "test-service",
"basePath": "/odata/test-service",
"npmPackageName": "npm-package-test-service",
"serviceName": "some-text-used-in-documentation-service"

//New Format
"../test-resources/odata-spec/API-TEST_SRV.edmx": {
"packageName": "npm-package-test-service",
"directoryName": "test-service",
"basePath": "/odata/test-service"

In case you have problems finding the relative path or adjusting the property names please do the following:

  • Remove the exising options-per-service.json file.
  • Re-run the generator. This will generate a fresh file with the new relative paths and new property names with default values.
  • Adjust the default values for packageName, directoryName and basePath with values fitting your needs.

Set basePath in options-per-service.json

By default, generation of OData clients will fail if the basePath cannot be determined at the time of generation. The generator will determine the path from the:

  • basePath property in the options-per-service.json
  • .edmx service specification, or
  • swagger file

in the above mentioned order.

To allow generation in spite of missing basePath, set the skipValidation option to true. This will generate the client successfully with basePath set to /.

Use operations instead of actionImports and functionImports

Unbound actions and functions, were previously represented as separate service properties, actionImports and functionImports, of generated clients. They are now represented by one common property, operations.

Instead of:

import { myService } from './generated/my-service';

// Operations are split into functions and actions
const { functionImports, actionImports } = myService();
const { myFunction } = functionImports;
const { myAction } = actionImports;


import { myService } from './generated/my-service';

// Operations are merged in one property
const { operations } = myService();
const { myFunction, myAction } = operations;

To allow generation in spite of a missing basePath, set the skipValidation option to true. This will generate the client successfuly with the basePath set to /.