Performance Best Practices
Note: Spartacus 4.x is no longer maintained. Please upgrade to the latest version.
Note: Spartacus 4.x was tested with SAP Commerce Cloud versions 1905 to 2205. Spartacus 4.x has not been verified to work with (and is not guaranteed to work with) SAP Commerce Cloud 2211 or later releases.
There are a number of best practices that you can follow to improve the performance of your Spartacus storefront, and which will also help improve your Google Lighthouse score. By following these recommendations, you can also improve the results of your Google Core Web Vitals report, which focuses on page loading speed, page interactivity speed, and the visual stability of your website.
The keys for achieving a “Grade A” performance report are the following:
- Each page loads as fast as possible, including:
- Web resources (CSS and JS files)
- Assets (fonts, images, and media)
- Asynchronous data (Ajax calls)
- Users can interact with the page as quickly as possible
- There is no layout shifting (visible elements on the page shift or move as little as possible during page load)
Table of Contents
The following best practices are highly recommended for improving the performance of your storefront application:
- Minimize the number of synchronous and asynchronous HTTP requests as much as possible.
- Use HTTP compression whenever possible to improve transfer speed and to optimize bandwidth.
- When loading third party scripts, use
deferso that the browser’s main thread does not get blocked.
- Verify that the size of your assets is appropriate for the size of the user’s screen. For example, you do not want to display desktop-size images on a viewport that requires mobile-size images.
- When making calls to APIs, such as OCC, try requesting only the data that you need. OCC responses with
fields=FULLcontain a lot of data that you might not need. The bigger the response, the longer it takes to retrieve it and process it. The same practice applies to APIs that support pagination.
- Use Above-the-Fold Loading when possible.
You can improve the performance of your storefront application with the following caching best practices:
- Maintain a second level (L2) cache for all of the site assets, and also for the HTTP requests that can be cached, such as OCC calls for anonymous users that do not change very often.
- Ensure you have an appropriate browser cache policy for all of the assets of the page. Browser caching saves a lot of bandwidth and improves page load time (both initial and subsequent) when it is properly set and tuned.
The following recommendations can improve the performance of your Spartacus storefront app significantly:
- Take advantage of the SSR transfer state mechanism to avoid duplicated XHR calls. For more information, see SSR Transfer State.
- Use inline fonts and CSS instead of loading them asynchronously.
You can improve the SEO of your storefront with the following best practices:
- Enable server-side rendering to ensure that all of your pages are properly indexed.
- Have a valid and consistent
robots.txtfile to allow robots to crawl your website.
- Ensure your meta attributes and tags are appropriately set across your pages.
There are a few components and elements in Spartacus that are not yet fully compliant with accessibility. Where necessary, you can override these components and elements, which allows you to add missing
aria attributes. It also allows you to rename elements to improve accessibility scoring.
Spartacus is a Progressive Web Application out of the box. As a result, you can configure your service worker to cache resources that do not change often (such as resources, assets, and HXR requests), which will speed up subsequent page loads. You can also enable your storefront app to work offline.
For more information, see Progressive Web Application Support.