Note: Spartacus 4.x is no longer maintained. Please upgrade to the latest version.
Note: Spartacus 4.x was tested with SAP Commerce Cloud versions 1905 to 2205. Spartacus 4.x has not been verified to work with (and is not guaranteed to work with) SAP Commerce Cloud 2211 or later releases.
Search engine optimization (SEO) is an important element of the Spartacus storefront framework. The implementation of SEO in Spartacus is focused on the architecture, rather than on features, so that a solid foundation exists for adding a wide range of SEO capabilities.
The SEO implementation in Spartacus includes the following:
Spartacus provides a URL with a stateful address for every piece of the storefront. This makes it easier for users to navigate the storefront, and also allows web crawlers to index each and every page. As a result, more pages can be shared through social media, bots, and search indexes.
To serve stateful URLs for everything, Spartacus allow deep links to address any page. The URL routing configuration can also take into account a multi-site context, so that stateful URLs for special variants of the storefront can be launched and cached.
You can configure URLs for content pages by using the
pageLabel in the CMS (back end). These page labels cannot be localized.
You can configure URLs for non-content pages in Spartacus. These are mainly related to product and category pages. You can configure attributes, such as the product name, to be part of the URL. For example, the default configuration for a product page is
storefront.com/product/1234, but you can configure the URL to include product-related data, such as the product or category title.
Configurable URLs help to improve SEO in general, but can also be used to help migrate an existing solution to Spartacus: customers can keep their existing URLs, and configure the equivalent URLs in Spartacus.
Note: The product code is used for resolving the product data from the back end. The rest of the URL can be configured for SEO purposes.
Note: Some customers have product titles with special characters that will not work (for example, having a slash in the code or title). This might require special treatment of the attributes before or after they are used in the URL. Note that Spartacus does not include functionality for handling special characters.
SSR is provided by Spartacus, and is planned to be a default deployment option in Commerce Cloud.
Structured Data (schema.org)
Structured data is a standardized way of describing the page content of a website to make it easier for web crawlers and search engines to understand. Spartacus supports various schemas natively. For more information, see Structured Data.
HTML tags, and meta tags in particular, are used by search engines, social platforms, and crawlers to index page meta data into their platforms. Spartacus provides various ways to resolve meta tags. For more information, see HTML Tags.