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UI5 Builder

The UI5 Builder module takes care of building your project.

Based on a project's type, the UI5 Builder defines a series of build steps to execute; these are also called "tasks".

For every type there is a set of default tasks. You can disable single tasks using the --exclude-task CLI parameter, and you can include tasks using the --include-task parameter.

API Reference


Tasks are specific build steps to be executed during build phase.

They are responsible for collecting resources which can be modified by a processor. A task configures one or more processors and supplies them with the collected resources. After the respective processor processed the resources, the task is able to continue with its workflow.

A project can add custom tasks to the build by using the Custom Tasks Extensibility.

Standard Tasks

All available standard tasks are documented in the API reference. Search for @ui5/builder/tasks/ to filter the API reference for all available tasks. The list below offers the actual order of their execution:

Task Type application Type library Type theme-library
escapeNonAsciiCharacters enabled enabled
replaceCopyright enabled enabled enabled
replaceVersion enabled enabled enabled
replaceBuildtime enabled
generateJsdoc disabled 1
executeJsdocSdkTransformation disabled 1
minify enabled enabled
generateFlexChangesBundle enabled enabled
generateLibraryManifest enabled
enhanceManifest enabled enabled
generateComponentPreload enabled disabled 2
generateLibraryPreload enabled
generateStandaloneAppBundle disabled 3
transformBootstrapHtml disabled 3
generateBundle disabled 4 disabled 4
buildThemes enabled enabled
generateThemeDesignerResources disabled 5 disabled 5
generateVersionInfo disabled 1
generateCachebusterInfo disabled
generateApiIndex disabled 1
generateResourcesJson disabled disabled disabled

Disabled tasks can be activated by certain build modes, the project configuration, or by using the --include-task CLI parameter. See footnotes where given

1 Enabled in jsdoc build, which disables most of the other tasks
2 Enabled for projects defining a component preload configuration
3 Enabled in self-contained build, which disables generateComponentPreload and generateLibraryPreload
4 Enabled for projects defining a bundle configuration
5 Can be enabled for framework projects via the includeTask option. For other projects, this task is skipped


The minify task compresses all JavaScript resources of a project while preserving the original sources as so-called debug variants. For example when compressing a resource named Module.js, its content will be minified and a new resource Module-dbg.js is created and placed next to it.

The UI5 runtime can be instructed to load those debug variants instead of compressed resources and bundles. This can ease debugging in some cases, since the original sources are then used directly in the browser. For details, refer to the UI5 framework documentation on debugging.

For each resource it compresses, the minify task will also create a source map resource. Browsers can use this to map the content of a compressed JavaScript resource back to the original source file (now contained in the debug variant). All this happens automatically once you open the development tools in the browser and start debugging a project. While the browser still executes the code of the compressed resources, it will also show the debug variants and use the source maps to connect the two. This results in an improved debugging experience, which is almost identical to loading the debug variants directly as described before, only much faster.

Related to this, the bundling tasks will also incorporate the generated source maps to map the content of the bundles to the individual debug variants of the bundled modules.

Input Source Maps


Support for input source maps has been added in UI5 CLI v3.7.0.

For projects facilitating transpilation (such as TypeScript-based projects), it is commonly desired to debug in the browser using the original sources, e.g. TypeScript files. To make this work, the transpilation process first needs to create source maps and reference them in the generated JavaScript code.

UI5 Tooling's minify task will then find this reference and incorporate the source map into the minification process. In the end, the minified JavaScript resources will reference an updated source map, which reflects the transpilation as well as the minification. The browser can use this to map every statement back to the original TypeScript file, making debugging a breeze.


If a resource has been modified by another build task before minify is executed, any referenced source map will be ignored. This is to ensure the integrity of the source maps in the build result.

It is possible that the modification of the resource content is not reflected in the associated source map, rendering it corrupted. A corrupt source map can make it impossible to properly analyze and debug a resource in the browser development tools.

Standard tasks which may modify resources without updating the associated source maps currently include replaceVersion, replaceCopyright and replaceBuildtime.

Expand the block below to view a diagram illustrating the minification process and source map handling.

Minification Activity Diagram

minify Task Activity

Generation of Supported Locales

The enhanceManifest task fills the supportedLocales property in the manifest.json of a UI5 library/application automatically with the available locales determined by the existence of the respective .properties translation files. To disable the automatic generation of the supportedLocales, set supportedLocales to any desired value. For further resource bundle configuration options, see Supported Locales and Fallback Chain.


This feature only becomes active under the following conditions: - The _version property in the manifest.json is set to 1.21.0 or higher - The specified resource bundle is located inside the project and within the namespace defined in the manifest.json

Scenario: Application

- webapp/i18n/

In the manifest.json the supportedLocales property will be enhanced as follows:


"models": {
    "i18n": {
        "type": "sap.ui.model.resource.ResourceModel",
        "settings": {
            "bundleName": ""

Build Result

"models": {
    "i18n": {
        "type": "sap.ui.model.resource.ResourceModel",
        "settings": {
            "bundleName": "",
            "supportedLocales": [


Processors work with provided resources. They contain the actual build step logic to apply specific modifications to supplied resources, or to make use of the resources' content to create new resources out of that.

Processors can be implemented generically. The string replacer is an example for that. Since string replacement is a common build step, it can be useful in different contexts, e.g. code, version, date, and copyright replacement. A concrete replacement operation could be achieved by passing a custom configuration to the processor. This way, multiple tasks can make use of the same processor to achieve their build step.

To get a list of all available processors, please visit the API reference and search for @ui5/builder/processors/.

Legacy Bundle Tooling (lbt)

JavaScript port of the "legacy" Maven/Java based bundle tooling.

JavaScript Files Requiring Top Level Scope

UI5 Tooling packages JavaScript files that require "top level scope" as a string, provided your project uses a Specification Version lower than 4.0. In this case, the code is evaluated using eval at runtime.

This ensures that the script works as expected, e.g. with regards to implicitly used globals. However, this eval runtime feature will be discontinued with UI5 2.x because of security best practices and to comply with stricter CSP settings (i.e. unsafe-eval).

If your project defines Specification Version 4.0 or higher, files requiring top level scope are no longer part of the created bundle and following error is logged by UI5 Tooling:

Module myFancyModule requires top level scope and can only be embedded as a string (requires 'eval'), which is not supported with specVersion 4.0 and higher.

If you see this error message, please adjust your code by applying one of the following options:

Option 1: Use ui5-tooling-modules to bundle third-party npm packages. It converts files to sap.ui.define modules automatically.

Option 2: Wrap the respective files manually in sap.ui.define modules as shown below:



const myFancyModule = {};


sap.ui.define([], () => {
    "use strict";
    const myFancyModule = {};
    return myFancyModule;